第二次的死

高台研经(对照提问读经法)2021/8/31

第二次的死

一、对照读经

以斯帖记1,耶利米书24,启示录20

二、对照提问

神为什么给魔鬼和最后的审判预备了第二次的死?与第二次的死相比,我的苦难算什么?

启示录20

【启20:14】死亡和阴间也被扔在火湖里,这火湖就是第二次的死。

【启20:15】若有人名字没记在生命册上,他就被扔在火湖里。

耶利米书24

【耶24:8】耶和华如此说:“我必将犹大王西底家和他的首领,以及剩在这地耶路撒冷的余民,并住在埃及地的犹大人都交出来,好像那极坏、坏得不可吃的无花果。

【耶24:9】我必使他们交出来,在天下万国中抛来抛去,遭遇灾祸。在我赶逐他们到的各处,成为凌辱、笑谈、讥刺、咒诅。

【耶24:10】我必使刀剑、饥荒、瘟疫临到他们,直到他们从我所赐给他们和他们列祖之地灭绝。”

以斯帖记1

【斯1:19】王若以为美,就降旨写在波斯和玛代人的例中,永不更改,不准瓦实提再到王面前,将她王后的位分赐给比她还好的人。

三、应用

今天的焦点经文是:

【启20:14】死亡和阴间也被扔在火湖里,这火湖就是第二次的死。

【启20:15】若有人名字没记在生命册上,他就被扔在火湖里。

火湖是第二次的死,死亡和阴间最终也会归于那里。既然如此,那些先前死过的人,有的去了天堂,有的下了地狱,但在地狱里痛苦还没有最后结束。最后最痛苦的是火湖,那火是不灭的。这也是魔鬼最后的归宿。在这之前,魔鬼还有一次机会,要迷惑人跟随它与属天的人争战。这是最重要的事,就是要分辨哪些是属魔鬼的,哪些是属天国的。不经常聆听,转播,分辨的,就会被魔鬼迷惑。火湖虽然看起来是很久以后才事,地狱却是已经在那里预备好的,那个地方非常黑暗。

因此,追求光明应该是我一生努力的方向。如果方向错了,后果很严重。为此,我必须吃苦,因为光明之路的开端就是苦难,正如耶稣经受了十字架的苦难,然后才回到天国。他说,神的国近了,你们要悔改。悔改一定会伴随着痛苦,否则悔改就不会这么难了。神为了让以色列人悔改,为犹大王西底家和他的首领,以及剩在耶路撒冷的余民,预备了这样的痛苦。

【耶24:8】耶和华如此说:“我必将犹大王西底家和他的首领,以及剩在这地耶路撒冷的余民,并住在埃及地的犹大人都交出来,好像那极坏、坏得不可吃的无花果。

【耶24:9】我必使他们交出来,在天下万国中抛来抛去,遭遇灾祸。在我赶逐他们到的各处,成为凌辱、笑谈、讥刺、咒诅。

【耶24:10】我必使刀剑、饥荒、瘟疫临到他们,直到他们从我所赐给他们和他们列祖之地灭绝。”

身为王后的,也免不了痛苦。她拒绝了王的命令,就要承担后果。想想我如果一直拒绝天上万王之王的命令,后果何其严重呀!

【斯1:19】王若以为美,就降旨写在波斯和玛代人的例中,永不更改,不准瓦实提再到王面前,将她王后的位分赐给比她还好的人。

《第二次的死》有2个想法

  1. 1、
    耶和华神用地上的尘土造人、将生气吹在他鼻孔里、他就成了有灵的活人、名叫亚当。耶和华神在东方的伊甸立了一个园子,把所造的人安置在那里。园子当中又有生命树、和分别善恶的树。

    生命树上所结的果子,是让人吃了永远活着的。
    善恶树上结的果子,是神吩咐不能吃的果子。人吃的日子必定死。

    耶和华神吩咐亚当说、园中各样树上的果子、你可以随意吃。只是分别善恶树上的果子、你不可吃、因为你吃的日子必定死。
    但蛇对女人说,你们吃了善恶树上的果子,眼睛就明亮了,便能如神一样知道善恶。
    蛇是败坏人的。他引诱人不听神的话、不按神的吩咐做:让人吃神禁止吃的善恶树上的果子。

    人在伊甸园时,原来赤身,并不以为羞耻。就像两个婴儿,彼此没有情欲、没有私欲,也就不以彼此赤身为羞耻。及至他们吃了善恶树上的果子,他们有了自已的欲求、情欲,就不再以神创造的身体为美、反以之为羞耻。这样,他们有了自已的智慧,觉得他们的智慧胜过了耶和华的智慧,他们以赤身为耻,躲避耶和华的面,耶和华就知道他们吃了分别善恶树上的果子。

    人吃了善恶树上的果子,就开始有了自已的私欲,开始用人的标准、而不是用神的标准来判断事物的是与非。吃了善恶树上的果子之后,人看见了自已的羞耻,但却不是神眼中以为的羞耻,是人有了自已的私欲之后产生的羞耻。
    他们不再充满圣灵,成了有血气、有私欲的人。情欲和圣灵,就是善恶树和生命树上结的两种果子,这两个是彼此相敌。
    人有人的标准,神有神的标准,人不配在伊甸园呆着了,于是人就被神赶出了伊甸园。既然人以赤身为羞耻,耶和华神就为亚当和他妻子用皮子作衣服、给他们穿。

    生命树上所结的果子,是神让人随意来吃的。神不禁止人做什么呢?仁爱、喜乐、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信实、温柔、节制。这样的事,没有律法禁止。人行神眼中的这些行为,所结的果子,就是圣灵所结的果子。这样的果子,神吩咐人可以随意吃、吃了可以永远活着。
    在马太福音19章记载了一件事。有一个人来问耶稣,怎样做才能得永生?耶稣回答说,你若要进入永生、就当遵守诫命。
    生命树上的果子,是让人吃了永远活着的,能让人永远活着不死的办法,耶稣告诉人:当遵守神的诫命。
    在他的圣山,“万军之耶和华、必为万民用肥甘设摆筵席、用陈酒和满髓的肥甘、并澄清的陈酒、设摆筵席。”肥甘是指什么?“你们要留意听我的话就能吃那美物,得享肥甘,心中喜乐。”——神的话就是肥甘,是他所赐下的生命的粮。

    约翰福音4章记载,耶稣对门徒说、我有食物吃、是你们不知道的、我的食物就是遵行差我来者的旨意、作成他的工。
    约翰福音6章,耶稣告诉我们,“我是从天上降下来生命的粮;人若吃这粮,就必永远活着。”——我们据此也可知道,让人永远活着的是神的话,“经上记着说:人活着,不是单靠食物,乃是靠神口里所出的一切话。”
    所以,生命树上的果子,就是神口里所出的一切话。就是神的吩咐、神的诫命、神的旨意。

    善恶树上结的果子,是神吩咐不能吃的果子。人变坏,正是由于私欲的迷惑、渐渐变坏的。神吩咐什么事不可做呢?就是杀人、奸淫、偷盗、作假见证、贪恋人的房屋、妻子、仆婢、牛驴、并他一切所有的,这都是神吩咐不可做的事。高傲的眼、撒谎的舌、流无辜人血的手、图谋恶计的心、飞跑行恶的脚、吐谎言的假见证、并弟兄中布散分争的人。这都是耶和华神所恨恶的行为。
    人不行神眼中看为善看为正的事,开始行神禁止行的事,就是堕落败坏。
    人不再听从神的话、开始自以为是、自以为眼睛明亮胜过耶和华时,就是瞎眼耳聋了,有眼却看不到,有耳却听不到,看到也不明白,听见也不晓得。
    人对真道看不见、听不明白时,真道就不在人心里了,这样的人,心里没有神的诫命,没有神的诫命在心里的人,什么恶事都能做的出来。他们因着恶行,心地昏昧、与神为敌、与神隔绝。

    法利赛人问耶稣,“你的门徒为什么犯古人的遗传呢?因为吃饭的时候,他们不洗手。”耶稣怎样回答呢?“耶稣回答说、你们为什么因着你们的遗传、犯 神的诫命呢。”
    耶稣来,法利赛人为什么不认耶稣是基督?是他们把人的遗传当成了神的吩咐,所以他们指责耶稣的门徒,为什么犯了古人的遗传,他们遵守的是人的遗传。而耶稣说他们,你们为什么因着人的遗传,犯神的诫命呢?
    这些法利赛人,遵守人的遗传,以人的智慧为智慧,也是吃了善恶树上的果子、而不是吃神生命树上的果子。他们有了自已的善恶主见、却不去体贴神的的意思了。他们所说的善,是自已认定的善、是人的遗传,而不是神所说的善。这样的人嘴里信神,实质已经与神为敌,所以他们对耶稣起了杀心,要害耶稣。他们谋划杀害耶稣的时候,心地刚硬,毫无怜恤,他们身体受了割礼,心与耳却未受割礼,和他们的祖宗一样,常时抗拒圣灵,把预先传说那义者要来的人杀了,又把义者卖了杀了。
    吃善恶树上果子的人,用自已的义、否定神的义,以自已的善、否定神的善。他们虽然听了律法,也不遵守,是放弃了生命树上的果子,摘取的是神禁止吃的善恶树上的果子。

    人堕落,正是从不听从神的吩咐、不行神眼中看为善看为正的事、自以为有了超过神的智慧、自以为眼睛明亮开始的。这样的智慧、不是从上头来的、乃是属地的、属情欲的、属鬼魔的。各人被试探、乃是被自己的私欲牵引诱惑的。私欲既怀了胎、就生出罪来。罪既长成、就生出死来。所以说,人吃善恶树上的果子的日子必死。
    亚当夏娃吃了善恶树上的果子为什么当时没有死?因为他们只是起了私欲。人变坏,正是由于私欲的迷惑、渐渐变坏的。罪长成,才生出死。
    在亚当里众人都死了,人常常不守神的律法典章,自以为是、各行其是,罪就渐渐积累长成。到耶稣来到的日子,这些悖逆的百姓竟然定罪杀害了神的儿子!还有什么罪比这罪更大?!

    “罪既长成、就生出死来。”——这是人第一次的死。
    然而,人这第一次的死,却因耶稣基督的救赎,不再被神记念。神饶恕人的过犯,是因为耶稣基督亲身被挂在木头上,担当了我们的罪,他为我们的罪作了挽回祭,不是用山羊和牛犊的血、乃用自己的血,将自己无瑕无疵献给神,耶稣不是单为我们的罪,也是为普天下人的罪,作了永远的赎罪祭。
    他的血还不能洗净我们的心、让我们事奉永生的神吗?我们难道还要像列祖一样,一次次硬着颈项、违背神的命令、不服神的管教吗?

    2、
    神应许会再来拯救我们。神自古以来为我的王,他在地上施行拯救。
    主再来,主就是那灵;主的灵在哪里,那里就得以自由。如果人仍不悔改,还要像对待耶稣一样对待再来的神,毁谤亵渎再来的神,这罪将永不得赦免。
    人一切的罪、和亵渎的话、都可得赦免。惟独亵渎圣灵、总不得赦免。

    神第一次来,凡说话干犯人子的,罪还可得赦免。耶稣说,“若有人听见我的话不遵守,我不审判他。我来本不是要审判世界,乃是要拯救世界。”“因为神差他的儿子降世,不是要定世人的罪,乃是要叫世人因他得救。”

    神再来,在地上施行拯救。他要住在我们中间。当他发言招呼天下的时候,当他的旨意行在地上的时候,神口里所出的话就是神赐给人的生命树上结的果子,人吃了这果子就能永远不死。不认他声音的人,不服他管教的人,不喜欢吃他生命树上的果子的人,那些毁谤、讥笑、亵渎、辱骂、藐视他的人,就是神的仇敌。
    当神在地上施行拯救结束,至高的神升上高天的时候,他要掳掠仇敌。 经上说、『他升上高天的时候、掳掠了仇敌、将各样的恩赐赏给人。』(既说升上、岂不是先降在地下么。)

    当审判的日子,万民都要聚集在他面前。他要把义人和恶人分别出来,好像牧羊的分别绵羊山羊一般。
    义人就是凡接待他、信他名的人,他就赐他们权柄作神的儿女。这些义人要往永生里去。
    恶人就是心不正直、心里不说实话的人,他们自高自大、自以为有智慧,他们是以人的智慧为智慧,却不是从神来的智慧,他们心里没有神的爱、没有神的诫命,也就不认识神、不认识他的声音,他们也就不会接待他、不信他的名,恶人面对神的拯救,所行的都是抵挡。这样的恶人,要往永罪永刑里去。光来到世间,世人因自己的行为是恶的,不爱光,倒爱黑暗,定他们的罪就是在此。

    神再来,他的名在外邦人中。
    “万军之耶和华说、从日出之地到日落之处、我的名在外邦中必尊为大。在各处、人必奉我的名烧香、献洁净的供物。因为我的名在外邦中必尊为大。你们却亵渎我的名、说、耶和华的桌子是污秽的、其上的食物是可藐视的。”
    神来,是拯救地上一切居住的人来了,神口中的话,就是他摆的筵席桌上的食物。不认耶和华的人,吃的是善恶树上结的果子,他们以自已的食物为美,藐视神筵席桌上的食物,他们说耶和华的桌子是污秽的,其上的食物是可藐视的。
    恶人啊,神的道理岂是从你们出来的吗?岂是单临到你们吗?你们嘴里信神,所敬畏的不过是人的遗传,你们岂可用自已的义,定罪神的义?岂可用你们的善,定罪神的善?岂可用你们眼中的污秽,定罪神的纯净与圣洁?!
    神告诉我们:你们当站在路上察看,访问古道,哪是善道,便行在其间;这样,你们心里必得安息。而那些自以为是、自以为有平安的恶人,他们却说:我们不行在其间。
    敢于藐视、毁谤再来神的人,就是抵挡神、抵挡真道的人,他们是真正的恶人,他们的结局就是死。尽末了所毁灭的仇敌、就是死。他们的分就在烧着硫磺的火湖里。这是第二次的死。

  2. The human’s double demise

    1、
    God created the heavens and earth, along with all beings, and saw that it was very good.(Genesis 1:31)

    2、
    The Lord God formed man from the dust of the earth and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, thereby creating a living being with a soul, named Adam.The Lord God then established a garden in the east, known as Eden, where he placed the created human.Within this garden stood the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.
    The fruits that ripen on the Tree of Life are those that, when consumed, bestow eternal life.The fruits that grow on the tree of good and evil are those that God has commanded not to be eaten.Those who consume them will surely perish.
    The Lord God instructed Adam, saying, ‘You are free to eat from all the trees in the garden. However, you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for in the day you eat from it, you will surely die.’
    The serpent told the women, “By eating the fruit from the tree of good and evil, your eyes will be enlightened, and you will be able to discern good and evil as God does.”
    Snakes are corrupting beings.They understand that they cannot make humans respect them as lords, as humans will not blindly follow their lead.How, then, do snakes corrupt humans?They accomplish this by alluring humans to disobey God’s commands and not follow His directives: God forbids humans from eating from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, but the serpent tempts them to eat from it.
    God created the heavens and earth, along with all beings.And God saw everything which he had made and it was very good.(Genesis 1:31)In the Garden of Eden, man was originally naked and did not feel ashamed.Upon being tempted by the serpent and consuming the fruit from the tree of knowledge, they suddenly gained wisdom, feeling ashamed of their nakedness.However, God’s wisdom is evident in His observation that all His creations are exceedingly good!Humans believe they possess wisdom surpassing that of the divine.Thus, they fashioned dresses from the leaves of the fig tree.They were ashamed of their God-given bodies, and so they hid from the face of Yahweh.Yahweh thus understood that they had eaten from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, doing what God had forbidden them.Those who consumed the fruit from the tree of good and evil, consider their own wisdom as knowledge, rather than acknowledging the wisdom of God.Moreover, they believe that their wisdom surpasses that of the Lord, no longer preferring the body created by God, but rather, they are ashamed of their nakedness.
    Humans, upon consuming the fruit from the tree of good and evil, began to nurture their own selfish desires, using human standards rather than divine ones to discern right from wrong.
    Their hearts were no longer filled with the Holy Spirit, thus turning into flesh-and-blood beings with selfish desires.Human passions and the Holy Spirit are like the two fruits that ripen on the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and they are mutually opposed to each other.
    Humans have their own standards, and God has His own. As humans no longer deserved to remain in the Garden of Eden, they were expelled by God.Given that humans find it shameful to be naked, God the Lord made garments of skins for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.
    The fruits that ripen on the Tree of Life are those that God allows man to eat at will.These include kindness, joy, peace, perseverance, mercy, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and moderation.Such actions are not prohibited by law.God allows man to freely engage in these behaviors that are deemed good and right in His eyes.These are the fruits of the Holy Spirit.God commands that such fruits may be eaten at will, and those who partake of them will live forever.

    The fruits that ripen on the tree of good and evil are those that God has commanded not to be eaten.What are the things that God has commanded not to do?They are killing, adultery, theft, bearing false witness, coveting one’s neighbor’s house, wife, servant, ox, and donkey, and all that belongs to them. These are the things that God has commanded not to do. The proud eyes, the lying tongue, the hands that shed innocent blood, the heart that devises wicked schemes, the feet that run to evil, the false witness who utters lies, and the brother who sows discord among brethren—these are all deeds that the Lord God hates.
    Humans, in the eyes of God, cannot do what is considered good or right. They begin to engage in actions forbidden by God, akin to eating from the tree of good and evil.
    When humans cease to heed the word of God, and begin to believe in their own self-importance, thinking their eyes are clearer than those of Yahweh, they are then tempted by the devil.Such individuals have their hearts taken over by selfish desires, and their hearts are no longer filled with the Holy Spirit.Faced with God’s word, they are blind and deaf, having eyes but not seeing, ears but not hearing, and when they do see and hear, they neither understand nor comprehend.
    When individuals are unable to perceive the true path or comprehend its message, they are capable of committing any evil, yet they believe they possess wisdom beyond that of God.Such beings are akin to those who have consumed the fruit from the tree of good and evil, thinking they possess clearer vision than that of Yahweh.
    When Jesus came, why did the Pharisees not recognize him as the Christ?It was because they mistook human traditions for divine commands, thus accusing Jesus’ disciples of violating ancient customs.The Pharisees followed not God’s precepts but human traditions.
    And Jesus asked these Pharisees, “Why do you violate God’s commandments based on human traditions?”
    These Pharisees, adhering to human traditions, consider human wisdom as wisdom itself.Such individuals, in essence, have also consumed the fruit from the tree of good and evil, rather than the fruit from the tree of life.
    While outwardly professing faith in God, they have essentially become His enemies. This is why they harbored murderous intentions towards Jesus, seeking to harm and kill him.As they plotted to take His life, their hearts were hardened, devoid of compassion. While they may have physically undergone the rite of circumcision, their hearts and ears remained uncircumcised, much like their ancestors who constantly resisted the Holy Spirit. They even killed and sold out the righteous One, as previously prophesied.
    The Pharisees confronted Jesus, their wickedness, confused hearts, and enmity towards God, leading them to be separated from the divine presence.JESUS said, “He who does not love Me does not keep My word. The word you hear is not Mine, but the Father’s who sent Me.”Those who consume the fruits of the tree of good and evil, using human righteousness to deny divine righteousness, and human goodness to reject divine goodness.Although they hear the law, they do not abide by it, having abandoned the fruits of the tree of life, plucking the fruits of the tree of good and evil that God forbids.
    In Adam, all men died—human beings are descendants of Adam, and Adam was the one who ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The outcome for those who eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil is inevitably mortality.
    However, as we can see, Adam and Eve did not die after eating the fruit of the tree of good and evil, they were only driven out of the Garden of Eden by God.
    Genesis 3:4-5 The serpent said to the woman, “You may not necessarily die, because God knows that on the day you eat, your eyes will be bright, and you will be like God who knows good and evil.”.
    When human being believe they have more wisdom than God’s wisdom, their eyes are brighter than God’s, they have started to have invisible eyes. Adam and Eve began to deviate from God’s commands, marking the beginning of sin. sin, when it is of full growth, gives birth to death.
    When does human sin count full growth?
    Genesis 18:32: Abraham said, “Lord, I beg you not to be angry. I will speak again if there are ten there.” He said, “For the sake of these ten, I will not destroy the city.” — In other words, as long as there is even a glimmer of good, God will not destroy mankind and let them perish.However, by the time Jesus arrived, these rebellious people had actually condemned and killed God’s Son!Therefore, when Jesus came, human being who condemned Him were in a state where sin had fully matured, and this is the death that one should bear!
    This is the initial death of human being.
    However, because of the redemption of Jesus Christ, this first death of human being is no longer remembered by God.God forgives man’s sins because Jesus Christ himself was hung on a tree and bore our sins!He made a propitiatory sacrifice for our sins, not with the blood of goats and calves, but with his own blood!Jesus offered himself blameless to God, and Jesus did not make an eternal atonement for our sins alone, but also for the sins of all people under the sun.

    3.
    God promises to come again to save us. God has been my king since ancient times, and he brings salvation to the earth.
    The Lord returns, and the Lord is that Spirit;where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.If one remains unrepentant, treating the returning God as they do Jesus, speaking disparagingly and blaspheming the returning God, this sin will never be forgiven.
    Jesus told the people: “Whoever speaks against the Son of Man may still be forgiven; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this world or in the next” (Matthew 12:32).The first death is the one that comes from man’s sin against God, but with Jesus’ sacrifice on our behalf, this initial death can be forgiven.God promises to come again to save us. When God returns, faced a God without blemish, if one still uses their own righteousness to deny God’s righteousness, and their own goodness to reject God’s goodness, such a person is one who has sinned against the Holy Spirit. Such a person, for the death they have committed, can no longer receive forgiveness.
    This is the second death of mankind.

    4、
    When God returns, His name will be known among the Gentiles.
    The Lord of hosts declares, ‘From the rising of the sun to its setting, my name shall be renowned among the nations. In every corner, they shall burn incense and offer pure offerings in my name, for my name shall be exalted among the Gentiles. Yet, you profane it by saying, “The table of the Lord is polluted, and the food thereof is contemptible.”‘
    God promises to come again to save us. The words of God are like the food on the table of His feast.Faced with a God who comes to earth to save man, who would dare to say, “The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible.”( Malachi1:12)? It’s those who don’t recognize the Lord!Such people, they eat from the tree of good and evil, they deny God’s righteousness with their own righteousness, and reject God’s goodness with their own goodness!Such people, they deem their own food beautiful, and despise the food on God’s feast table.”_____You put unclean bread on my altar. And you say, How have we made it unclean? By your saying, The table of the Lord is of no value.”
    Those who dare to despise and slander God, their guilt has matured, and their end is death.
    This is the second death, the ultimate end.
    The final destruction of the enemy is death, and their portion is in the lake of fire burning sulfur.

    5、
    Matthew25:6But in the middle of the night there is a cry, The husband comes! Go out to him.
    The husband comes! Go out to him!
    What will we humans do to him? If we repeat the mistakes of history and treat the coming God like Jesus, do we humans have a chance to be forgiven a second time?

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